International recruitment health workers has been a prominent feature of the global health agenda since the late 1990s. it has been highlighted increasingly as a factor in undermining attempts to achieve health system improvement in Saudi Arabia
Main source countries for nurses in recent years have been the Philippines, South Africa, Australia and India There was a doubling in the number of Indian registrants between 2001/2 and 2002/3, a significant reduction in registrants from the Philippines and South Africa, a further fall in registrants from the West Indies, and a continued increase from several other sub-Saharan African countries.
There increased access to employment opportunities which has been created by the internet. Nurses in the Philippines have become more aware of employment opportunities because of access to recruitment agency and employer web sites. In this situation, the web is certainly making it easier for nurses with internet access to identify career opportunities in the Philippines.
The growth in the Ministry of Health (MOH) Saudi Arabia recruitment of Health workers activity has led in turn to a growth in recruitment activity. Also, main feature of international recruitment to Saudi Arabia in the recent years is the extent to which the recruitment process has become systematized and co-ordinated.
On the demand side, several developed countries have been actively recruiting health professionals in the Philippines. They do so to fill domestic shortages stemming from demographic factors such as their ageing populations, shortfalls in training new health professionals, and changes in the labour market orientations of native workers. For instance, jobs like nursing are seen by the domestic workforce as too demanding, poorly paid, and occurring within a context of poor working conditions . On the supply side, the lack of jobs and career perspectives, poor wages, and poor working conditions often explain the propensity for migration by health professionals .
The scale of Ministry of Health (MOH) Saudi Arabia recruitment has grown rapidly, as have the POEA who have played an important role in facilitating MINISTRY OF HEALTH (MOH) HEALTH WORKERS . SAUDI HEALTH RECRUITMENT OFFICE have become ‘lubricators’ of international flows of health professionals and as the “primary source gateway” for nurses to enter the global market.